After serving as temporary director of the U.S Immigration and Customs Enforcement since January of this year, Thomas Homan has been chosen by Trump to act as the permanent director. Official notification of his nomination is set to be received by the Senate on Tuesday, from which point Homan’s confirmation hearings will take place. He must receive the majority of Senate votes in order to be confirmed.
Thomas Homan has been a part of ICE for thirty years, and is a big proponent of Trump’s stance on immigration. In his time as temporary director, he has done his part to enact and enforce the administration’s new immigration policies. His hard stance on illegal immigration includes the abolishment of sanctuary cities and pushes for more aggressive legislation such as Kate’s Law, a bill which was never passed by the Senate.
Our Verdict: As acting director, Thomas Homan has dramatically increased ICE’s power, cracking down on illegal immigration, as Trump pledged to do in his campaign. The unprecedented volume of arrests across the country has created an atmosphere of fear, in which many immigrants do not feel safe. As Homan’s confirmation moves forward, we hope to see pushback from Senate Democrats.
In September, the Trump administration announced an end to DACA, a program for youth immigrants in America. DACA recipients had until October 5th (one month) to renew their temporary status, protecting them from deportation. Now, roughly 35 of these applications have been rejected due to delays in Postal Service in New York. Similarly, in Chicago, there have been at least 21 incidents documented where DACA applications were denied due to the same Postal Delays. This does not include the 22,000 plus DACA recipients who have already lost their protections. Many individuals lost their status because they did not hear about the abrupt deadlines or, were unable to come up with the $500 it costs to reapply.
"Presumption of mailing" is a legal standard that provides that when a letter has been addressed correctly, it can be assumed that it was delivered properly. This means, after the letters were sent, there was not anything DACA recipients could have done. The government's stance on delayed DACA renewals is ridiculous, as it was a delay in Postal delivery rather than an error on the applicants end of things. This administration is proving to be cruel and unpredictable.
This past week, the Trump administration began to take apart the Temporary Protected Status program that grants temporary visas to ten countries that have been affected by war or natural disaster, allowing immigrants to live and work in the US without fear of deportation. The recent announcement has caused hundreds of thousands of Central American immigrants living in fear of deportation. While this program has been in place for several administrations, the Trump administration stated that it wants to crackdown on it because past administrations have extended the supposedly “temporary” visas.
The three main countries affected by the crackdown are El Salvador, Honduras, and Haiti, who have 195,000, 57,000, and 50,000 people affected, respectively. On Monday, more than 2,500 Nicaraguans had their status revoked, and were given until January 2019 to leave the country or change their status. Other countries remain in limbo, and immigrants are unsure of their future.
The program is intended to benefit both citizens of war damaged foreign countries by giving them work, but also benefit the US by providing good, steady workers who contribute to the economy. There is a real fear that ending the TPS program will have negative repercussions on the economic state of the country.
Our Verdict: Trump’s administration continues to prove that it is determined to stay true to its promise to crack down on immigration. Congress has to work in conjunction with the president to come up with either a replacement or a solution for this program that has been dually-beneficial. In the meantime, hopefully immigrants affected can find lawyers willing to fight for their right to remain in the country.
La semana pasada, la administración de Trump empezó a desmantelar el programa de Estatus de Protección Temporal, lo cual les da visas temporales a ciudadanos de diez países diferentes los cuales fueron afectados por guerra o desastres naturales, y deja que inmigrantes vivan y trabajen en los Estados Unidos sin miedo de ser deportados. El anuncio reciente causo a más de cien mil inmigrantes de América Central a vivir con miedo de ser deportados. Mientras que este programa ha estado en su lugar durante varias administraciones previas, la administración de Trump dijo que quiere pararlo porque las administraciones previas han extendido las visas “temporales”
Los tres países quienes fueron los más afectados son El Salvador, Honduras, y Haiti, quienes tienen 195.000, 57.000, y 50.000 personas afectadas, respectivamente. El lunes, les sacaron el estatus a más que 2.500 ciudadanos de Nicaragua, y les dijeron que tienen hasta el enero del 2019 para salir del país o cambiar su estatus. Otros países están en limbo, y los inmigrantes no tienen un futuro seguro.
Este programa tiene la intención de beneficiar a los ciudadanos de países dañados por guerra o desastres naturales y darles trabajo, y también beneficia a la economía de los Estados Unidos. Hay un miedo que terminando con el programa va a tener consecuencias negativas para el estado económico del país.
Nuestro Veredicto: La administración de Trump continua a demonstrar que están determinados a ponerse más estrictos con la inmigración. El congreso tiene que trabajar junto con la presidencia para crear un nuevo programa para reemplazar el programa con el cual están terminando. Por lo tanto, con suerte los inmigrantes afectados puedan defenderse para poder quedarse en el país.
An estimated 600,000 Haitians currently live in the United States, with more than half of them naturalized citizens. However, a sizable portion, around 46,000, are here on a conditional approval entitled Temporary Protection Status, or commonly referred to as TPS. This safeguard is set to expire in January, and very little is being done in the White House to continue this measure.
TPS was granted to Haitians after the earthquake in 2010, which destroyed much of the capital Port-au-Prince, and killed about 230,000 people. Nationally, TPS grants immigrants from 10 countries to stay in the United States due to floods, war, droughts, earthquakes, or epidemics in their homelands. However, the status is not meant to be permanent. It acts as a short term solution for protection.
However, due to the many natural disasters in Haiti, from earthquakes to hurricane, and the corruption, the renewal of their protection status was consistently renewed from 2010. Therefore, many Haitians put down roots, had children, bought houses, paid taxes, and took out loans for cars and appliances. As many has said, they are Americans in every way, that this is their country – they just started life elsewhere, like generations of immigrants before. For this reason, many Haitians have now voiced concern.
OUR VERDICT: There are two sides to this debate: liberals have said that there is nothing there in Haiti for many of these individuals, and that they are contributing members to this society. Conservatives have argued that enforcement of TPS deadlines for Haitians and others is neither sudden nor unfair. The “T” in TPS stands for “temporary,” they point out, and people knew from the beginning that this act of benevolence carried a deadline. Certainly allowing Haitians to stay will circumvent the legal immigration system, but many say that they are benefiting the tax systems so much so that they deserve to stay.
During the current presidency, illegal immigration has been a hot topic of debate among both sides of the political spectrum.
The flagpole route, as described by Andy Semotiuk (Forbes contributor), entails sending unlawful immigrants back to their home country in order to allow them to get the correct papers to enter the country again legally. This would increase the rate of legal immigration while discouraging illegal immigration due to the costliness of time lost.
The requirements for this plan include confirming identity through passports, birth certificates, or ID cards. Next, individuals would obtain FBI clearance along with a full background check. This would lessen the risk of having a dangerous illegal immigrant enter the country.
Our Verdict: This seems like an interesting plan that would appease both sides of political spectrum. The only issue seems to be funding. This would most likely take an entire new division of the FBI to monitor and it seems as though that aspect would be difficult to pass through congress.
Yesterday, the Trump administration announced its decision to end Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for 2,500 Nicaraguans in the United States. The administration did not, however, make announcements for the status of 57,000 Hondurans living in the states under the same two-year protection designation. The groups were protected from deportation beginning in 1998 after Hurricane Mitch. Since this time, their TPS protections have been consistently renewed. Other countries are still waiting for an announcement from the Trump Administration. Roughly 200,000 Salvadorians and 50,000 Haitians have statuses that will expire in early 2018.
Monday’s announcement outlined that Nicaraguans will have until January 5th of 2019 to leave the country or update their status of residency. TPS was initially constructed by congress in 1990 with goals of providing a safe haven for peoples whose home country was deemed too unstable, unhealthy, or too damaged to live in. Trump officials argue that this has gone on too long and serves as a blatant disregard for domestic immigration policy.
Our Verdict: The decision to end TPS for these groups will inevitably uproot the lives of hardworking individuals, and likely tear families apart. House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi called the decision “cowardly” and claimed it serves as a “cowardly assault on thousands of families in communities across the nation”. It is crucial to remember that these are individuals not numbers. The U.S. is a country made up of immigrants. It is important to consider whether or not policy action like this coincides with American values or, kind, inclusive, morals in general?
In a comment to MSNBC on Saturday, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell stated that he is not opposed to a deal that will allow DACA to continue to run, and that will allow Dreamers to remain in the country without fear of deportation, so long as it is attached to a plan to enhance immigration security. He said this could come in the form of “border security… ending chain migration… [or] diversity quotas.” This comment is one McConnell’s first on the issue since Trump declared that he would be ending the program in six months if Congress does not come up with a proposal that is both legal and acceptable to the presidency. When he first made the announcement, McConnell called the statement “an incentive to act,” meaning that it is a call to action for Congress members who are fighting for immigration rights. Top Democrats said they are open to a deal if it means relief for Dreamers. However, they said they will draw the land at supporting funding for a wall along the US-Mexico border.
It is now up to Congress to come up with a suitable deal that will please both sides of the aisle. They will have to overcome the bipartisanship that has threatened to split any semblance of cooperation within Congress since Trump has taken office. In addition, Trump will ultimately have to sign off on this deal, so they have to find a way to make it appealing to him. Needless to say, Congress is facing a very difficult challenge, and many people’s lives, including those of innocent children, hang in the balance.
Our verdict: Hopefully, Congress can find it within them to push past party lines to come up with a deal that saves DACA. It will come down to their willingness to cooperate, and Trump’s willingness to accept compromise.
En un comentario a MSNBC el sábado, el líder del Senado Mitch McConnell dijo que no está opuesto a un acuerdo que dejara que DACA sigua su actividad, y que dejara que Dreamers se queden en el país sin miedo de ser deportados, si los miembros de congreso también incluyen un plan para aumentar la ejecución de la inmigración. Dijo que esto puede ocurrir en la forma de seguridad del borde, terminando con “chain migration,” y cuotas de diversidad. Este comentario fue uno de los primeros de McConnell sobre el tema desde que Trump declaro que terminaría con el programa en seis meses si el congreso no puede encontrar una propuesta la cual es ambo legal y aceptable por la presidencia. Cuando primero hizo el anuncio, McConnell dijo que la declaración es “un incentivo para actuar,” lo que quiere decir que es una llamada a acción para miembros de congreso quienes están peleando para derechos de inmigración. Líderes democráticos dicen que están abiertos a un acuerdo si quiere decir que los Dreamers pueden dormir sin miedo. Sin embargo, también dijeron que no van a soportar el financiamiento de una pared en el borde de los Estados Unidos y México.
Ahora es el turno del congreso de crear un acuerdo que es aceptable para los dos lados. Tendrán que vencer el bipartidismo que ha amenazado al congreso desde que Trump tomó la oficina. Es importante conocer que Trump tiene que decir que está de acuerdo con el plan, entonces tendrán que asegurarse que le gustara el acuerdo. El congreso está enfrentando un desafío difícil, y las vidas de mucha gente, incluyendo las de chicos inocentes, están en el medio de todo.
Nuestro veredicto: Con suerte, congreso puede vencer el bipartidismo, y crear un acuerdo que salva a DACA. Va a venir a su inclinación de cooperar, y la inclinación de Trump de aceptar el compromiso.